Viburnum opulus var. Growth habit varies among species: V. carlesii (Korean Spice Viburnum) and V. opulus (European Cranberry Bush) varieties are round-topped and fairly dense; V. dentatum (Arrowwood Viburnum) is large with spreading branches, V. plicatum tomentosum (Doublefile Viburnum) has tiers of horizontal branches, and V. trilobum (American Cranberry Bush) varieties are more upright. Certain varieties of burkwood viburnum display pinkish-white flowers in April and maroon foliage in autumn. Oddly enough, according to Gary Ladman of Classic Viburnums, the original plant is long gone, and since the 1920’s all American Cranberry bushes are in fact cultivars produced for superior fruiting and flowering. It blooms heavily with good set of deep blue fruit. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade. Youngnon … Good flower and fruit production. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. The bud scales are valvate. Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. The cultivar “Mohican” is slightly smaller, 8.5 feet by 8.5 feet, than the mature size of 13 feet by 13 feet for the species. Especially good are the cultivars `Philips,' with higher-quality fruit, and `Wentworth,' which is hardy to Zone 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Viburnum_trilobum&oldid=947888403, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 March 2020, at 01:34. Use enter to activate. The plant is deciduous, and the dark green foliage turns bright red in autumn. Viburnum trilobum; Description. Native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Bailey Compact American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing™' This selection from Michael Yanny, Johnson's Nursery, Wisconsin, was introduced in 1983. As with most shrubs in the southeast, fall planting of viburnums is ideal. Viburnum trilobum blooms in May – June. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Like all of the carlesi types, its growth rate is slow to moderate and it is 4 feet tall by 4 feet wide. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. The leaf buds are green. Hahs American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum trilobum) is a better choice than the similar European cranberry-bush which has become an invasive plant in some areas. Selected for its showy red new growing tips for an extended period in the spring which will eventually turn dark green while newly emerging leaves continue to unfurl red against a backdrop of older dark green foliage. The fruit is an oblong red drupe 15 mm (0.59 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) broad, containing a single flat, white seed. Viburnum The fruit of most species is popular with wildlife. Some Viburnum species are used as a nerve sedative and anti-spasmatic for asthma, cramps, palpita-tion, heart disease and rheumatism. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. Named after the farm of O.E. Petioles are 1 inch long and have flat-topped glands at base of leaf blade (good ID indicator). Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. The bark is gray and rough and has a scaly texture. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. A cultivar label might read Viburnum lantana “Mohican,” for zones 4 through 8, which indicates it is an offspring of the wild type with a trait different from the parent. It … trilobum 'Redwing', and V. trilobum 'Compactum Alfredo', which makes a nice low hedge. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. The Canadian French name for the berries is pembina. American Cranberry Viburnum; American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. Viburnum trilobum. Opening from pink flower buds, white flowers tinged pink, arranged in snowball clusters gradually fade to white as they mature. “This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The red fall color is also reportedly very good. American cranberry-bush, American cranberry-bush viburnum, American cranberrybush viburnum. Viburnum trilobum: Cranberrybush American Cranberrybush is a horticultural “sleeper.” The plant is fairly obscure and nobody is going crazy writing about its virtues, yet it is a stellar native shrub that will add a firecracker of color in the fall and winter to any garden, and attract birds throughout the winter besides! A Chicagoland Grows™ introduction. ... Viburnum trilobum has beautiful fall foliage. Often upright, multi-stemmed, rounding with age. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. Select'):  Newly emerging leaves has a hint of red; white flowers appear mid-to-late spring; persistent bright red fruit, and consistently red fall color. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. The stems arch and are very dense, and the twigs are a reddish-brown color. Look for the dwarf viburnum varieties, like ‘Papoose,’ only 4 feet (1 m.) tall and wide. Have tree and plant questions? americanum 'J.N. americanum L. Ait (formerly known as Viburnum trilobum) Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, … Here are a few differences. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. In the case of the cultivar ‘Roseum’ for V. opulus, the majority of flowers are sterile, so the overall effect is a “snowball.” Be careful using the name “snowball viburnum”—it is also used for other viburnums, such as V. plicatum or V. macrocephalum (Chinese snowball viburnum). My favorite cultivars are ‘Cayuga’, a compact grower with pink buds, and ‘Compactum’, which grows to only 3 feet tall and wide in 10 years. However, plants are often most readily … Dwarf American Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The two varieties can easily be confused. The following menu has 3 levels. Redwing® J.N. Our future. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Cultivars and their differences Ironclad ™ Siebold viburnum ( Viburnum sieboldii 'KLMfour'): 15 feet high and 12 feet wide; a heavy flowering form with reliable burgundy fall color. Opposite, maple-like, 3-lobed leaves up to 5 inches long. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. americanum 'Hahs'):  Selected for better, larger fruit production;  grows 6 to 8 feet high and wide; dark green foliage turns red in fall. Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Stop by, email, or call. This native viburnum offers ornamental interest throughout the seasons; flowers in spring, red fruit in late summer and red fall color. It features large clusters of pink, fragrant flowers. Go to list of cultivars. Viburnum is an excellent plant, and it will assure you a beautiful landscape. Mulch the plants or bed with 4 to 6 inches of pine straw or 2 to 3 inches of bark. Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. [1][2] It is very closely related to the European and Asian Viburnum opulus, and is often treated as a variety of it, as Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum; syn. Its botanical name has been revised from Viburnum trilobum, which is how I memorized it as a student, to Viburnum opulus variety americanum. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Bark splits into irregular cracks with age. Our communities. Viburnum opulus var. americanum  'Compactum'):  Compact cultivar growing 5 to 6 feet high and wide; white lacecap flowers and red fruit;  fall color is yellow. The fruits, sour and rich in vitamin C, can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game. The flowers are white, produced in corymbs up to 13 cm (5 in) in diameter at the top of the stems; each corymb comprises a ring of outer sterile flowers 2–2.5 cm (3⁄4–1 in) diameter with conspicuous petals, surrounding a center of small (5 mm, 0.20 in), fertile flowers; the flowers are pollinated by insects. Viburnums have long been one of our most popular flowering landscape shrubs, with more than 150 species available. American Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) The fruit of Vibrunum trilobum persists into winter and will eventually be eaten, if not by winter birds, then by early spring migrants. There is also something troubling about the cultivar name ‘Roseum,’ since it suggests the plant has red flowers, which is not true. Koreanspice Viburnum (Viburnum carlesii) This is one of the smaller varieties reaching a height of only 3-6 feet (90- 180 cm). Viburnum trilobum typically grow 8 feet tall by 8 feet … Viburnum trilobum (cranberrybush viburnum, American cranberrybush, high bush cranberry, or highbush cranberry) is a species of Viburnum native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to British Columbia, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Smooth, gray-brown with large lenticels. Large 4 to 5 inch, white, lacecap flower clusters (small, fertile flowers surrounded by showy, sterile flowers). Also known as Korean spice viburnum, it has very fragrant pink buds that open to showy white snowball flowers. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Because of the incredible demand for this shrub, there are now more cultivars available, one of them being Viburnum carlesi 'Compactum'. Viburnums range from deciduous to evergreen, and from 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees (0.5-10 m.). Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. Its most notable feature is the glossy dark green foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Viburnum crown borer and viburnum leaf beetle. When mature, it … Fruits are slightly earlier ripening than other trilobums. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. Viburnum nudum ‘Pink Beauty’—prodigious fruit production, compact habit. trilobum (Marshall) Clausen. Red, berry-like fruits (drupes) resembling cranberries; edible. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. Viburnum is the name given to a very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America and Asia. Another large, yet magnificent, shrub is the European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus), with eye-catching flowers, generous crops of berries, and fiery autumn color. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The name pembina was then applied to three rivers, one in Manitoba and North Dakota, one in Ontario, and one in Alberta. Black-haw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium): This species grows in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 9. Such misunderstanding occurs because the common name "highbush cranberry" actually refers to three different species of highbush cranberries: Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum and V. edule. americanum 'Bailey Compact'): Compact, dwarf rounded form; 5 to 6 feet high and wide; deep red fall color. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) broad, with a rounded base and serrated margins; they are superficially similar to many maple leaves, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. This American species (Viburnum opulus var. Viburnum trilobum Marshall: Classification. Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. Plants begin to produce fruit at approximately five years of age; when animals, including birds, eat the fruits, they deposit the seeds in another location in their droppings. This is a commonly used berry in western Canadian cultures. Viburnum dilatatum—Cardinal Candy™, red-fruited, listed as hardy to -30°F; yellow types; ‘Michael Dodge’, ‘Vernon Morris’ with beautiful bright yellow fruit. Viburnum trilobum. Effective in small masses and borders. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Although often called "highbush cranberry", it is not a cranberry. It may be the best selection of this adaptable native for smaller gardens. Highly popular due to its petite size, Viburnum carlesii 'Compactum' (Koreanspice Viburnum) is a compact, rounded, deciduous shrub with a profusion of large flower clusters that perfume the garden with their cinnamon fragrance in spring. Also see: ‘Diana’, ‘Aurora’ and ‘Spice Baby’. Named after the farm of O.E. Yellow-red fruits become a brilliant scarlet-red and are not only very attractive, but good for making preserves. use escape to move to top level menu parent. 'Andrews' - This is the least common of the standard cultivars selected for production of superior fruit. ‘Brandywine’ is a worthy selection as is ‘Winterthur’. Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae) Description:This is a shrub with multiple narrow trunks and ascending toslightly spreading branches. Our trees. It … The name comes from the red fruits which look superficially like cranberries, and have a similar flavor and ripen at the same time of year. Incorporate organic soil conditioner at planting, so that the future root area of the planting bed contains 10 to 20 percent organic matter. Cultivars/Varieties 'Alfredo' - This is a new variation on the 'Compactum' theme said to grow more densely to form a 6' tall and wide shrub. Viburnums are well-behaved me… Urban/Recreational Specimen plant. Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars. Viburnum trilobum 'Wentworth'. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Here are some noteworthy examples: As a 2010 addition to the Plants of Merit program, Viburnum dentatum 'Christom' BLUE MUFFIN is a sure winner. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. Some recommended cultivars include: V. trilobum 'Phillips',V. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. americanum Ait., or as a subspecies, Viburnum opulus subsp. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Peoples of various origins both Native and European have used the berries for many years. The fruit are abundant and colored purple-black, while the fall foliage is yellow-bronze. [3], The larvae and adults of the Viburnum leaf beetle feed on the leaves and may completely defoliate the plant, and repeated damage can kill it.[3]. 'Emerald Lustre' - This plant is a selection of Viburnum bracteatum, which is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum. Wentworth near Lancaster, New Hampshire where the original plant was found. 8 to 12 feet high and wide. Each leaf has irregular teeth on margins; dark green changing to reddish-purple fall color. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". It is not native to NC and will not like hot humid summers though it may grow in the cooler mountain areas. C-Value: 10Commonly found in wet or swampy sites but will tolerate drier sites once established. The Missouri Botanical Garden displays over 50 different species and cultivars in the Viburnum genus. This outstanding shrub is available in smaller sizes, and a good choice for a limited space would be the Blue Muffin Viburnum. Select Cranberry-bush viburnum (Viburnum opulus var. The flowers (including large sterile ones in a few species), colorful autumn foliage, and red or purple-black fruit make several species, American as well as Asian, well known in cultivation. Flowers appear in June after the leaves emerge. Syn. Mayflower viburnum (V. carlesii), an old garden favorite, is popular for good reason. Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. The bark of trunks and branches is gray,while twigs are brown and glabrous with white lenticels. americanum. Building the urban forest for 2050. Cultivars/Varieties 'Christom' (Blue Muffin™) - A new selection that may hold great promise, this is a true dwarf that grows densely to 4' tall and wider. Selected in the early 1900's by Frank Andrews (see V. trilobum 'Andrews') for its heavy fruit set. Other Names: American Cranberrybush Description: A stunning native shrub; exquisite clusters of pure white pinwheel flowers in spring, abundant brilliant red fruit and good fall color, golden stems; hardy and adaptable, grows quite large, an excellent specimen, selected for superior fruiting habits Plants should be spaced at least 4 to 10 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the cultivar. Adaptable to soil pH. Most viburnums grow well when planted in moist, rich and slightly acidic soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5). For good reason and V. trilobum 'Compactum Alfredo ', which is to... A very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America, from Newfoundland west to British,! 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Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from plants...